Get basic information about 82 main raags and 6 important Taals.

In the table below every raag has been described with its:

  1. Thaat
  2. Aroh – Ascending order
  3. Avroh – Descending order
  4. Pakad – Main structure / order of using notes in the raag
  5. Vadi – Most used note
  6. Samvadi – Second most used note
  7. Time – of Singing or playing

Thaat: all Raags have been derived from one of the following 10 Thaats:

  1. Bilaval – SA RE GA MA PA DHA NI SA. – All pure notes
  2. Kalyan– SA RE GA MA’ PA DHA NI SA. – MA’ tivra
  3. Khamaj– SA RE GA MA PA DHA ni SA. – ni komal
  4. Bhairav – SA re GA MA PA dha NI SA. – re and dha komal
  5. Poorvi – SA re GA MA’ PA dha NI SA. – re and dha komal and MA’ tivra
  6. Marva – SA re GA MA’ PA DHA NI SA. – re komal and MA’ tivra
  7. Kafi – SA RE ga MA PA DHA ni SA. – ga and ni komal
  8. Asavari – SA RE ga MA PA dha ni SA. – ga, dha and ni komal
  9. Bhairavi– SA re ga MA PA dha ni SA. – re, ga, dha and ni komal
  10. Todi – SA re ga MA’ PA dha NI SA. – re, ga and dha komal and MA’ tivra

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

Raag NameThaatAroh
(ascending)
Avroh
(descending)
Pakad – Mukhyang
(main structure of raag)
Vadi
(main note)
Samvadi
(second main)
Time of singing or playingRemarks
1AabhogiKafiS R g M D S.S. n D M g R SD S R g M R SSMmorning
2Abhogi KanhraKafiS R g M D S.S. D M g R S, .D SMgRS, .DSRg, MDMg, RS,SM10 am to 1 pm
3AdanaAsavariS R M P, d N S.S. d n P M P, g M R SS. d N S. , d , n PMP, g M R SS.P1 to 4 am
4Ahir Bhairav VocalBhairavS r G M, P D n S.S. n D P, M G r SG M r S, .D .N r SMSmorning
5Alahiya BilavalBilavalSR GMGR, GP,D N S.S. NDP, DnDP, MG MRSG R GP,MGMR, GPDnDPDGmorning
6Asavari Vocal SitarAsavariS R M P d S.S. n d P M g R SR M P, n d P, d M P, g R SDG10 am to 1 pm
7Bageshri Vocal SitarKafiS g M D n S.S. n D M g R SS .n .D S, M g, M D n D, Mg, M g R SMS10 pm to 1 am
8BaharKafi.n S, g M P, g M, n D N S.S. n D n P, M P g M R SM P g M D N S.MS10 am to 1 pm
9BasantPoorviS G M’ d r. Sr. N d P, M’ G, M’ d M’ G , r SM’ d r. S., r. N d P, M’ G M’ GS.P4 to 7 am
10Bhairav Vocal SitarBhairavS r G M P d N S.S. N d P MG r SDM r , GMP, MG, r SDR7 to 10 am
11Bhairavi Vocal SitarBhairaviS r g M P d n S.S. n d P M g r SS g M P, d — pMSmorning
12Bhimpalasi Vocal SitarKafi.n S g M P n S.S. n D P M g R S.n S M, M P g, M g R SMS10 am to 1 pm
13Bhupali Vocal SitarKalyanS R G P D S.S. D P G R SGRS.D, SRG, PG, DPG, R SGD7 to 10 pm
14BihagBilaval.N S G M P N S.S. N D P M G R S.NS, GMP, GMG, RSGN7 to 10 pm
15BihagraBilaval.N S G, G M P D n D P, N S.S. N D, n D P, G M G R SGMPDnDP, GMGRSMS10 pm to 1 amSome use M’ also
16Bilaskhani TodiBhairaviS r g, M G, P d, n d, S.
S. r. n d P, M g r g r S
.d S r g, Mg, r g, r Sdg10 am to 1 pm
17
Bilaval Vocal
Bilaval
S R G M P D S.
S. N D P M G RS
G R GP, DNS.
DGmorning
18Chandrakauns..N S g M d N S.S. N d M g M g Sg M N d M g M g .N SMS mid night
19ChayanatKalyanS, RGMP, DP, ND, S.S. NDP, M’ PDP, RGMP, GMRSP–R, RGMP, MG MR, SRP7 to 10 pm
20Darbari Kanhdra SitarAsavari.n S R g R S, M P d n R. S.S. d n P, M P, g M R Sg M R S, .d .n S R SRP10 pm to 1 am
21Des Vocal SitarKamajS R M P N S.S. n D P M G R G SRMP, nDP, DMGR, G.NSPR7 to 10 pmSome consider R vadi and P samvadi
22DeshkarBilavalS R G P D, S.S. D P, G R SD D P, G P D P, G R SDG7 to 10 am
23DesiAsavariR g R S R .n S, R M P n S.S. P -, D M P R g S R .n SRgRSR.nS, RMPDMPgRgRSR.nSPR10 am to 1 pm
24DhanashriKafi.n S, g M P, n S.S. n D P, M P g, M g R S.n S, GMP, g , MgRSPS1 to 4 pm
25Durga VocalBilavalS R M P D S.S. D P M R SDMR, MPDMR, .DSMS10 am to 1 pm
26Gaur MalharKafiR G R M, G R S, M R P M P, D S.S. n D n P, D G P M, R G R M G R SRGRM, GRS, PM, PD, S. , D P MMS1 to 4 pmSome consider thaat Bilaval
27Gaur SarangKalyanS, GR, M’ G, PM’ , DP, ND, S.S. DNP, DM’ PG, MR, PR, SS, GRMG, PRSGD7 to 10 am
28Gurjari TodiTodiS r g M’ d N S.S. n d M’ g r, g r S.d .n S r g, r S, M’ g r g r Sdr10 am to 1 pm
29HamirKalyanS R S , G M D, N D S.S. N D P, M’ P D P, G M R SS R S, G M DDG7 to 10 pm
30Hansadhvani SitarBilavalS G R, G P, N S.S. N P, G P G R, SSGRS, .N.P, GR, GPGR, SSP7 to 10 pmSome consider G – Vadi and N- Samvadi
31HindolKalyanS G, M’ D N D, S.S. , N D , M’ G , SSG, M’DND, M’GSDG7 to 10 amN is used less to avoid Sohni
32Jai Jai VantiKamajS, R g R S, .n .D.P, R, GMP, NS.S. n D P, G M, R g R SR g RS, .n.D.P, R, GM, R g R SRP10 am to 1 pm
33JaunpuriAsavariS RM P d n S.S. n d P, M g R SRMP, n d P, d M P, gRSdg10 am to 1 pm
34JhinjhotiKhamajS R G M P D n S.S. n D P M G R S.DS, RM, G, PMGR, S.n.D.PGn10 am to 1 pm
35JogiyaBhairavS r M P d S.S. N d P M r SM, r S, S r r M r SMSmorning
36
Kafi
S R g M P D n S.
S. n D P M g R S
SS RR gg MM PPR1 to 3 pm
37KalavatiKhamajS G M P D n S.S. n D P M G R SG M P D n D, M P D MGPS10 pm to 1 am
38KamodKalyanS, RP, M’ PDP, NDS.S.NDP, M’ PDP, GMP, GM, RSRP, M’ PDP, GMP,GMRSPS7 to 10 pm
39Kausi KanhdaAsavariS R g M P D n S.S. n D P M g R S.MS10 pm to 1 amBageshri Ang
40Kedar VocalKalyanS M, M P, D P, N D S.S. NDP, M’ PDPM, PMRSS M, M P, D P M, P M R SSM7 to 10 pm
41Khamaj VocalKhamajS G M P D N S.S. n D P M G R SG M P D n D, M P D,MGGN10 pm to 1 am
42LalitMarva.N r G M, M’ M G, M’ D S.R. N D, M’ D M’ M G, R S.NRGM, DM’, MG, M’GRSMS4 to 7 am
43MadhuvantiTodi.N S g M’ P N S.S. N D P M’ g R S.NSGM’P, M’GRSPS4 to 7 pm
44Madhyamad SarangKafi.n S R M P n S.S. n P , M R S.nSR, RMRPR, nP, MRSRP7 to 10 am
45MalgunjiKafi.D .N S R G M, G M, D N S.S. N D P M G, M g R SGMgRS, .D.nSRGMSMnight
46Malkauns Vocal SitarBharavi.n S g M d n S.S. n d M g M g SM g, M d n d, M g, M g, SMS1 to 4 am
47Maluha KedarBilaval.N R S, G M P, D P M, M P N S.S. N D P, G M P G M R S.NSGMP, GMRS, .D.P.M.P.NSMS10 pm to 1 am
48MandBilavalS G R M G, P M D P, N D S.S. D N P, D M P G M SS, RG, S, R, MMP, D, PDS.SPall time
49Maru BihagKalyan.N S G M P N S.S. N D P, M’ G M’ G R SM’ G, RS, RS, SMGP, M’ G M’ G RSGN10 pm to 1 am
50MarvaMarva.N r G M’ D N S.S. N D M’ G r SD, M’ G r, G M’ G r SDReveningIt is a Sandhi Prakash Raag
51Miya Ki SarangKafiS R M R, M P n D N S.S. n D n P, M P, M R M R, S .N SSRS, .nD.nP, .M.P.n.D.NS, R, MR, PMR.NSRP10 am to 1 pm
52Miya MalharKafiR M R S, M R P, M P n D, N S.S. n D, n M P, g M R SRMR S .n .p, .M .P .n .D .N S, P g M R SMS10 pm to 1 am
53MultaniTodi.N S g M’ P N S.S. N d P M’ g r S.N S, M’ g, P g, r SPS1 to 4 pm
54Nand – AnandiKalyanS G M , P D , N P S.S. D, N P, D M’ P, G M D P R SGMDP, RSGMSP10 pm to 1 am
55PahadiBilavalS R G P D S.S. D P , G P, G R SG, RS, .D, .P.DSSPall time
56ParajPoorvi.N S G, M’ d N S.S. N d P, M’ P d P, G M G, M’ G r SS., N d P, M’ P d P, G M GS.P4 to 7 am
57PatdeepKafiS g M P N S.S. N D P M g R SD P, g, M P N S.PS1 to 4 pm (towards 4 pm)It’s N is little sharper
58PilooKafi.N S G M P N S.S. n D P n d P d P M g S .N S.P .N S R g S, G M P g S, .N SGN1 to 4 pmAll 12 notes are used in this raag
59PooriyaMarva.N r S, G, M’ D, N r. S.S. N D M’ G r SG, .N r S, .N.D.N.M’.D, r SGM’eveningIt is a Sandhi Prakash Raag
60Pooriya DhanashriPoorvi.N r G M’ P, d P, N S.S. N d P, M’ G M’ r G, r S.N r G, M’ P, dP, M’ G, M’ r G, r SPreveningIt is a Sandhi Prakash Raag
61PoorviPoorvi.N r G, M’ P, d N S.S. N d P M’, GMG, r S.N, S r G, MG, M’ G r SGNeveningIt is a Sandhi Prakash Raag
62RageshwariKhamajS G M D N S.S. n D M G R SGMDN S. n DM, GMRS, .D .n S G MMS10 pm to 1 am
63Ramdasi MalharKafi.N S, R G M, n D n P N S.S. n D n P, D P M, P g, M P g, M R SRPMGM, nPgMRSMSrainy season
64RamkaliBhairavS r G M P d N S.S. N d P, M’ P d n d P, G M r Sd P, M’PdndP, GM’, r PMG r SPSmorning
65RasranjaniBilavalS R M D N S.S. N D M, D M R S.MSmidnight
66SaraswatiKhamajS R M’ P, n D P, n D S.R. n D P M’ R M P, M’ R S.PRmidnight
67Shankara VocalBilavalS G P N S.S. NP, ND S. NP, GPGSS. NP, ND S. NP, GPGSGN10 pm to 1 am
68Shivranjani SitarKafiS R g P D S.S. D P g R S.PSmidnight
69ShriPoorviS r r S, r M’ P N S.S. Nd P, M’ P d M’ G r, P r G r SS r r S, r M’ P, d M’ G r G r SRPeveningIt is a Sandhi Prakash Raag
70Shuddh KalyanKalyanS R G P D S.S. N D, N D P, M’ G R, G R P R G R SGRS, .N.D.N.D.P, S, GR, PR, GRSGD7 to 10 pm
71Shuddh SarangKafiS R M P, M’ P N S.S. N D P M’ G R S.RP10 am to 1 pm
72Shyam KalyanKalyan.N S R M’ P N S.S. N D P M’ P G M R .N S.N S R M’ P, G M R .N SPS7 to 10 pm
73Sindhu BhairaviAsavariS R g M P d n S.S. n d P M g R S.MS10 am to 1 pm
74SohniMarvaS G M’ D N S.S. r. S. N D, G M’ D, G M’ G, M’ G r SS. N D, G M’ DNS. r. S.DG4 to 7 am
75SughraiKafi.n S R g, M P, N S.S. D, N P, M P, g , M R S.n S R g, MP n P, DP, MP g MRSPS10 am to 1 pm
76Tilak KamodKhamajS R G S, R M P D, M P, S.S. P D M G, S R G, S .N.P.NSRG, S, RPMG, S.NRP10 pm to 1 am
77TilangKhamajS G M P N S.S. n P M G S.NSGMP, NS. , S. nP, GMGSGN10 pm to 1 am
78TodiTodiS r g M’ P d N S.S. N d P M’ g r S.d NS, r , g r, s, M’g r g r Sdg10 am to 1 pm
79VibhasBhairavS r G P d P S.S. d P G P d P, G r Sd , P , GP, G r SdGmorning
80Vridavani Sarang VocalKafiS R M P N S.S. n P M R S.N S R, MR, PMR, SPR10 am to 1 pm
81Yaman Kalyan Vocal SitarKalyanS R G M’ P D N S.S. N D P M’ G RS.N R G, R S, P M’ G R SGN7 to 10 pm
82Yamani BilavalBilaval.N R G, M R G P, M’ P, D N S.S. N D P, M’ P M G, R G R S.N R G, M’ PMG, RGRSPSmorning

Taal

1.  Teen Taal – 16 beats , most important taal in indian hindustani classical music

DhaDhinDhinDha    |
1234

X

DhaDhinDhinDha    |
5678

2

DhaTinTinTa    |
9101112

0

TaDhinDhinDha    |
13141516

3

2.  Dadra – 6 beats , used mostly in bhajan, thumri and some film songs

DhaDhiNa    |
123

X

DhaTiNa    |
456

0

3. Keharwa – 8 beats , most popular taal used in film songs, bhajan etc. This taal has many variations and is used differently in songs

DhaGeNaTi    |
1234

X

NaKaDhiNa    |
5678

0

4. Roopak – 7 beats

TiTiNa    |
123

0 X

DhiNa    |
45

2

DhiNa    |
67

3

5. Jhap – 10 beats

DhiNa    |
12

X

DhiDhiNa    |
345

2

TiNa    |
67

0

DhiDhiNa    |
8910

3

6. Ek – 12 beats

DhinDhin  |
12

X

DhaGeTirkit  |
34

0

TuNa  |
56

2

KatTa  |
78

0

DhaGeTirkit  |
910

3

DhiNa  |
1112

4