Web Notations:

(To be followed on this website)

1. All pure (Shuddha) Notes (Swar) – S R G M P D N

2. Komal or flat notes are represented by small letters – r g d n

3. Tivra M (higher M) is represented by M‘

4. Mandra Saptak (lower octave) notes will have a dot ( . ) before the note .N .D .P

5. Tar Saptak (higher octave) notes will have a dot ( . ) after the note S. R. G. M.

6. For Taal (Rhythm):

….a. Each separate note will be one beat e.g. S R G M (each is one beat)

….b. Two note together SR GM PD is double speed (in one beat there are two notes)

….c. Four notes together SRGM RGMP GMPD is four time speed (in one beat four notes)

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Bhatkhande Notation System:

(Followed all over Hindustani Classical Music. Notations are available as pdf on this website separately)

  1. All pure (Shuddha) Notes (Swar) – S R  G  M  P  D  N
  2. Komal or flat notes will have a dash ( – ) underneath the Swar
  3. Tivra M (higher M) is represented by a bar at the top of M
  4. Mandra Saptak (lower octave) notes will have a dot ( . ) below the note
  5. Taar Saptak (higher octave) notes will have a dot ( . ) above the note
  6. For Taal (Rhythm):
    1. Each separate note will be one beat e.g. S  R  G  M (each is one beat)
    2. Two notes together SR GM  PD is double speed (in one beat there are two notes)
    3. Four notes together SRGM  RGMP  GMPD is four time speed (in one beat four notes)

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Taal Notations:

Teen Taal ( 16 beats) , 4 portions of 4 beats each separated by a bar ( | ):

1 2 3 4 | 5 6 7 8 | 9 10 11 12 | 13 14 15 16 |
Dha Dhin Dhin Dha | Dha Dhin Dhin Dha | Dha Tin Tin Ta | Ta Dhin Dhin Dha |
X | 2 | 0 | 3 |

X – is 1st beat and is called SUM or Joining. It is here where the composition meets Tabla with a bang. It is also called First Taali (clap).

2 – is 5th beat and is called Second Taali

0 – is 9th beat and is called Khali or Empty

3 – is 13th beat and is called Third Taali