Get basic information about 82 main raags and 6 important Taals.

In the table below every raag has been described with its:

  1. Thaat
  2. Aroh – Ascending order
  3. Avroh – Descending order
  4. Pakad – Main structure / order of using notes in the raag
  5. Vadi – Most used note
  6. Samvadi – Second most used note
  7. Time – of Singing or playing

Thaat: all Raags have been derived from one of the following 10 Thaats:

  1. Bilaval – SA RE GA MA PA DHA NI SA. – All pure notes
  2. Kalyan– SA RE GA MA’ PA DHA NI SA. – MA’ tivra
  3. Khamaj– SA RE GA MA PA DHA ni SA. – ni komal
  4. Bhairav – SA re GA MA PA dha NI SA. – re and dha komal
  5. Poorvi – SA re GA MA’ PA dha NI SA. – re and dha komal and MA’ tivra
  6. Marva – SA re GA MA’ PA DHA NI SA. – re komal and MA’ tivra
  7. Kafi – SA RE ga MA PA DHA ni SA. – ga and ni komal
  8. Asavari – SA RE ga MA PA dha ni SA. – ga, dha and ni komal
  9. Bhairavi– SA re ga MA PA dha ni SA. – re, ga, dha and ni komal
  10. Todi – SA re ga MA’ PA dha NI SA. – re, ga and dha komal and MA’ tivra

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

Raag Name Thaat Aroh
(ascending)
Avroh
(descending)
Pakad – Mukhyang
(main structure of raag)
Vadi
(main note)
Samvadi
(second main)
Time of singing or playing Remarks
1 Aabhogi Kafi S R g M D S. S. n D M g R S D S R g M R S S M morning
2 Abhogi Kanhra Kafi S R g M D S. S. D M g R S, .D S MgRS, .DSRg, MDMg, RS, S M 10 am to 1 pm
3 Adana Asavari S R M P, d N S. S. d n P M P, g M R S S. d N S. , d , n PMP, g M R S S. P 1 to 4 am
4 Ahir Bhairav Bhairav S r G M, P D n S. S. n D P, M G r S G M r S, .D .N r S M S morning
5 Alahiya Bilaval Bilaval SR GMGR, GP,D N S. S. NDP, DnDP, MG MRS G R GP,MGMR, GPDnDP D G morning
6 Asavari Asavari S R M P d S. S. n d P M g R S R M P, n d P, d M P, g R S D G 10 am to 1 pm
7 Bageshri Kafi S g M D n S. S. n D M g R S S .n .D S, M g, M D n D, Mg, M g R S M S 10 pm to 1 am
8 Bahar Kafi .n S, g M P, g M, n D N S. S. n D n P, M P g M R S M P g M D N S. M S 10 am to 1 pm
9 Basant Poorvi S G M’ d r. S r. N d P, M’ G, M’ d M’ G , r S M’ d r. S., r. N d P, M’ G M’ G S. P 4 to 7 am
10 Bhairav Bhairav S r G M P d N S. S. N d P MG r S DM r , GMP, MG, r S D R 7 to 10 am
11 Bhairavi Bhairavi S r g M P d n S. S. n d P M g r S S g M P, d — p M S morning
12 Bhimpalasi Kafi .n S g M P n S. S. n D P M g R S .n S M, M P g, M g R S M S 10 am to 1 pm
13 Bhupali Kalyan S R G P D S. S. D P G R S GRS.D, SRG, PG, DPG, R S G D 7 to 10 pm
14 Bihag Bilaval .N S G M P N S. S. N D P M G R S .NS, GMP, GMG, RS G N 7 to 10 pm
15 Bihagra Bilaval .N S G, G M P D n D P, N S. S. N D, n D P, G M G R S GMPDnDP, GMGRS M S 10 pm to 1 am Some use M’ also
16 Bilaskhani Todi Bhairavi S r g, M G, P d, n d, S.
S. r. n d P, M g r g r S
.d S r g, Mg, r g, r S d g 10 am to 1 pm
17
Bilaval
Bilaval
S R G M P D S.
S. N D P M G RS
G R GP, DNS.
D G morning
18 Chandrakauns .N S g M d N S. S. N d M g M g S g M N d M g M g .N S M S mid night
19 Chayanat Kalyan S, RGMP, DP, ND, S. S. NDP, M’ PDP, RGMP, GMRS P–R, RGMP, MG MR, S R P 7 to 10 pm
20 Darbari Kanhdra Asavari .n S R g R S, M P d n R. S. S. d n P, M P, g M R S g M R S, .d .n S R S R P 10 am to 1 pm
21 Des Kamaj S R M P N S. S. n D P M G R G S RMP, nDP, DMGR, G.NS P R 7 to 10 pm Some consider R vadi and P samvadi
22 Deshkar Bilaval S R G P D, S. S. D P, G R S D D P, G P D P, G R S D G 7 to 10 am
23 Desi Asavari R g R S R .n S, R M P n S. S. P -, D M P R g S R .n S RgRSR.nS, RMPDMPgRgRSR.nS P R 10 am to 1 pm
24 Dhanashri Kafi .n S, g M P, n S. S. n D P, M P g, M g R S .n S, GMP, g , MgRS P S 1 to 4 pm
25 Durga Bilaval S R M P D S. S. D P M R S DMR, MPDMR, .DS M S 10 am to 1 pm
26 Gaur Malhar Kafi R G R M, G R S, M R P M P, D S. S. n D n P, D G P M, R G R M G R S RGRM, GRS, PM, PD, S. , D P M M S 1 to 4 pm Some consider thaat Bilaval
27 Gaur Sarang Kalyan S, GR, M’ G, PM’ , DP, ND, S. S. DNP, DM’ PG, MR, PR, S S, GRMG, PRS G D 7 to 10 am
28 Gurjari Todi Todi S r g M’ d N S. S. n d M’ g r, g r S .d .n S r g, r S, M’ g r g r S d r 10 am to 1 pm
29 Hamir Kalyan S R S , G M D, N D S. S. N D P, M’ P D P, G M R S S R S, G M D D G 7 to 10 pm
30 Hansadhvani Bilaval S G R, G P, N S. S. N P, G P G R, S SGRS, .N.P, GR, GPGR, S S P 7 to 10 pm Some consider G – Vadi and N- Samvadi
31 Hindol Kalyan S G, M’ D N D, S. S. , N D , M’ G , S SG, M’DND, M’GS D G 7 to 10 am N is used less to avoid Sohni
32 Jai Jai Vanti Kamaj S, R g R S, .n .D.P, R, GMP, NS. S. n D P, G M, R g R S R g RS, .n.D.P, R, GM, R g R S R P 10 am to 1 pm
33 Jaunpuri Asavari S RM P d n S. S. n d P, M g R S RMP, n d P, d M P, gRS d g 10 am to 1 pm
34 Jhinjhoti Khamaj S R G M P D n S. S. n D P M G R S .DS, RM, G, PMGR, S.n.D.P G n 10 am to 1 pm
35 Jogiya Bhairav S r M P d S. S. N d P M r S M, r S, S r r M r S M S morning
36
Kafi
Kafi
S R g M P D n S.
S. n D P M g R S
SS RR gg MM P P R 1 to 3 pm
37 Kalavati Khamaj S G M P D n S. S. n D P M G R S G M P D n D, M P D MG P S 10 pm to 1 am
38 Kamod Kalyan S, RP, M’ PDP, NDS. S.NDP, M’ PDP, GMP, GM, RS RP, M’ PDP, GMP,GMRS P S 7 to 10 pm
39 Kausi Kanhda Asavari S R g M P D n S. S. n D P M g R S . M S 10 pm to 1 am Bageshri Ang
40 Kedar Kalyan S M, M P, D P, N D S. S. NDP, M’ PDPM, PMRS S M, M P, D P M, P M R S S M 7 to 10 pm
41 Khamaj Khamaj S G M P D N S. S. n D P M G R S G M P D n D, M P D,MG G N 10 pm to 1 am
42 Lalit Marva .N r G M, M’ M G, M’ D S. R. N D, M’ D M’ M G, R S .NRGM, DM’, MG, M’GRS M S 4 to 7 am
43 Madhuvanti Todi .N S g M’ P N S. S. N D P M’ g R S .NSGM’P, M’GRS P S 4 to 7 pm
44 Madhyamad Sarang Kafi .n S R M P n S. S. n P , M R S .nSR, RMRPR, nP, MRS R P 7 to 10 am
45 Malgunji Kafi .D .N S R G M, G M, D N S. S. N D P M G, M g R S GMgRS, .D.nSRGM S M night
46 Malkauns Bharavi .n S g M d n S. S. n d M g M g S M g, M d n d, M g, M g, S M S 1 to 4 am
47 Maluha Kedar Bilaval .N R S, G M P, D P M, M P N S. S. N D P, G M P G M R S .NSGMP, GMRS, .D.P.M.P.NS M S 10 pm to 1 am
48 Mand Bilaval S G R M G, P M D P, N D S. S. D N P, D M P G M S S, RG, S, R, MMP, D, PDS. S P all time
49 Maru Bihag Kalyan .N S G M P N S. S. N D P, M’ G M’ G R S M’ G, RS, RS, SMGP, M’ G M’ G RS G N 10 pm to 1 am
50 Marva Marva .N r G M’ D N S. S. N D M’ G r S D, M’ G r, G M’ G r S D R evening It is a Sandhi Prakash Raag
51 Miya Ki Sarang Kafi S R M R, M P n D N S. S. n D n P, M P, M R M R, S .N S SRS, .nD.nP, .M.P.n.D.NS, R, MR, PMR.NS R P 10 am to 1 pm
52 Miya Malhar Kafi R M R S, M R P, M P n D, N S. S. n D, n M P, g M R S RMR S .n .p, .M .P .n .D .N S, P g M R S M S 10 pm to 1 am
53 Multani Todi .N S g M’ P N S. S. N d P M’ g r S .N S, M’ g, P g, r S P S 1 to 4 pm
54 Nand – Anandi Kalyan S G M , P D , N P S. S. D, N P, D M’ P, G M D P R S GMDP, RSGM S P 10 pm to 1 am
55 Pahadi Bilaval S R G P D S. S. D P , G P, G R S G, RS, .D, .P.DS S P all time
56 Paraj Poorvi .N S G, M’ d N S. S. N d P, M’ P d P, G M G, M’ G r S S., N d P, M’ P d P, G M G S. P 4 to 7 am
57 Patdeep Kafi S g M P N S. S. N D P M g R S D P, g, M P N S. P S 1 to 4 pm (towards 4 pm) It’s N is little sharper
58 Piloo Kafi .N S G M P N S. S. n D P n d P d P M g S .N S .P .N S R g S, G M P g S, .N S G N 1 to 4 pm All 12 notes are used in this raag
59 Pooriya Marva .N r S, G, M’ D, N r. S. S. N D M’ G r S G, .N r S, .N.D.N.M’.D, r S G M’ evening It is a Sandhi Prakash Raag
60 Pooriya Dhanashri Poorvi .N r G M’ P, D P, N S. S. N d P, M’ G M’ r G, r S .N r G, M’ P, DP, M’ G, M’ r G, r S P r evening It is a Sandhi Prakash Raag
61 Poorvi Poorvi .N r G, M’ P, d N S. S. N d P M’, GMG, r S .N, S r G, MG, M’ G r S G N evening It is a Sandhi Prakash Raag
62 Rageshwari Khamaj S G M D N S. S. n D M G R S GMDN S. n DM, GMRS, .D .n S G M M S 10 pm to 1 am
63 Ramdasi Malhar Kafi .N S, R G M, n D n P N S. S. n D n P, D P M, P g, M P g, M R S RPMGM, nPgMRS M S rainy season
64 Ramkali Bhairav S r G M P d N S. S. N d P, M’ P d n d P, G M r S d P, M’PdndP, GM’, r PMG r S P S morning
65 Rasranjani Bilaval S R M D N S. S. N D M, D M R S . M S midnight
66 Saraswati Khamaj S R M’ P, n D P, n D S. R. n D P M’ R M P, M’ R S P R midnight
67 Shankara Bilaval S G P N S. S. NP, ND S. NP, GPGS S. NP, ND S. NP, GPGS G N 10 pm to 1 am
68 Shivranjani Kafi S R g P D S. S. D P g R S P S midnight
69 Shri Poorvi S r r S, r M’ P N S. S. Nd P, M’ P d M’ G r, P r G r S S r r S, r M’ P, d M’ G r G r S R P evening It is a Sandhi Prakash Raag
70 Shuddh Kalyan Kalyan S R G P D S. S. N D, N D P, M’ G R, G R P R G R S GRS, .N.D.N.D.P, S, GR, PR, GRS G D 7 to 10 pm
71 Shuddh Sarang Kafi S R M P, M’ P N S. S. N D P M’ G R S R P 10 am to 1 pm
72 Shyam Kalyan Kalyan .N S R M’ P N S. S. N D P M’ P G M R .N S .N S R M’ P, G M R .N S P S 7 to 10 pm
73 Sindhu Bhairavi Asavari S R g M P d n S. S. n d P M g R S M S 10 am to 1 pm
74 Sohni Marva S G M’ D N S. S. r. S. N D, G M’ D, G M’ G, M’ G r S S. N D, G M’ DNS. r. S. D G 4 to 7 am
75 Sughrai Kafi .n S R g, M P, N S. S. D, N P, M P, g , M R S .n S R g, MP n P, DP, MP g MRS P S 10 am to 1 pm
76 Tilak Kamod Khamaj S R G S, R M P D, M P, S. S. P D M G, S R G, S .N .P.NSRG, S, RPMG, S.N R P 10 pm to 1 am
77 Tilang Khamaj S G M P N S. S. n P M G S .NSGMP, NS. , S. nP, GMGS G N 10 pm to 1 am
78 Todi Todi S r g M’ P d N S. S. N d P M’ g r S .d NS, r , g r, s, M’g r g r S d g 10 am to 1 pm
79 Vibhas Bhairav S r G P d P S. S. d P G P d P, G r S d , P , GP, G r S d G morning
80 Vridavani Sarang Kafi S R M P N S. S. n P M R S .N S R, MR, PMR, S P R 10 am to 1 pm
81 Yaman Kalyan Kalyan S R G M’ P D N S. S. N D P M’ G RS .N R G, R S, P M’ G R S G N 7 to 10 pm
82 Yamani Bilaval Bilaval .N R G, M R G P, M’ P, D N S. S. N D P, M’ P M G, R G R S .N R G, M’ PMG, RGRS P S morning

Taal

1.  Teen Taal – 16 beats , most important taal in indian hindustani classical music

Dha Dhin Dhin Dha
1 2 3 4
X
Dha Dhin Dhin Dha
5 6 7 8
2
Dha Tin Tin Ta
9 10 11 12
0
Ta Dhin Dhin Dha
13 14 15 16
3

2.  Dadra – 6 beats , used mostly in bhajan, thumri and some film songs

Dha Dhi Na
1 2 3
X
Dha Ti Na
4 5 6
0

3. Keharwa – 8 beats , most popular taal used in film songs, bhajan etc. This taal has many variations and is used differently in songs

Dha Ge Na Ti
1 2 3 4
X
Na Ka Dhi Na
5 6 7 8
0

4. Roopak – 7 beats

Ti Ti Na
1 2 3
0 X
Dhi Na
4 5
2
Dhi Na
6 7
3

5. Jhap – 10 beats

Dhi Na
1 2
X
Dhi Dhi Na
3 4 5
2
Ti Na
6 7
0
Dhi Dhi Na
8 9 10
3

6. Ek – 12 beats

Dhin Dhin
1 2
X
DhaGe Tirkit
3 4
0
Tu Na
5 6
2
Kat Ta
7 8
0
DhaGe Tirkit
9 10
3
Dhi Na
11 12
4